Voice of the Painted Bull
18" X 14",  Oil and canvas with cowry shells
Black Pinto Horse, Monte Yellow Bird
Arikara and Hidatsa tribe of North Dakota

The Buffalo was a source of subsistence as well as spiritual inspiration to Northern Plains tribes.  It was used as a centerpiece of many Northern Plains ceremonies as well as being a symbol to represent the longevity and endurance of the First Nation People.    

Painting the buffalo was a ceremonial process and represents a divine power that communicates though the owner as well as the people.  The buffalo skull is painted in blue to represent the heavens and all of creation and the red represents the blood of the people.    

The skull is divided by a lightening bolt to symbolize the power of our Creator.  The lines that radiate towards the skull denote the four nations recognizing its power and significance.